Forest 92 - Wallangarra White Gum (Australian native)


Eucalyptus scoparia

Eucalyptus scoparia bark. Photo not from the Arboretum, by J Doran Eucalyptus scoparia trees. Photo not from the Arboretum, by J Doran

Origin of the species name

Eucalyptus from Latin meaning well-covered and describes the cap on the flower bud; scoparia is derived from a Latin word meaning broom-like.

Family

Myrtaceae

Date planted

March 2010

Lifespan

Trees of this species are expected to live over 50 years.

Young Eucalyptus scoparia in Forest 92. Photo by E. Hawke

General description

This is typically a small to medium-sized evergreen tree but has grown larger in cultivation and can develop a large, dense crown. It has smooth, powdery white to pale grey bark and shiny green adult leaves. Height 20m Spread 12m.

Natural distribution and habitat

The species is native to a very restricted area along the borders between southern Queensland and northern New South Wales, Australia where it grows as scattered trees on bare slopes and the tops of mountains, mainly in depressions among granite outcrops, where the soil can be very limited.

Conservation status

It is a threatened species with the main threat being the clearing and fragmentation of open forest and woodland habitat for agriculture and development. As populations are small, the risk of local extinction exists. Measures are being taken to protect the species within its natural range.

Planting pattern

The planting lines approximate the contour lines.

Uses

It is widely used in parks, gardens and as a street tree. The wood is pale coloured and tends to split.

Further reading

Boland DJ, MIH Brooker, GM Chippendale, N Hall, BPM Hyland, RD Johnston, DA Kleinig, MW McDonald and JD Turner (2006) Forest Trees of Australia (5th Edition) CSIRO Publishing.