Other common names
Small-leaved linden, little-leaf linden.
Origin of the species name
Tilia is Latin name for linden; cordata is Latin for heart and refers to the heart shaped leaves.
Trees of this species live around 60 years, with some living much longer.
This is a tall deciduous tree with a dense round crown. The bark is grey or brown and ridged with shallow furrows. The leaves are distinctively heart-shaped. The leaves turn to yellow in autumn. The small yellow-green flowers are produced in clusters of up to eleven and have a rich heavy scent. The fruit is a dry nut-like drupe. Height 25m Spread 12m.
Natural distribution and habitat
The species is native to much of Europe and western Asia where it occurs in woodland forests on most fertile soils. It is commonly found on wooded limestone cliffs and in the south of its range it is restricted to higher altitudes.
Although it is not classified as a threatened species, in Britain it is thought to be becoming increasingly rare.
Planted in curved lines.
The white, finely-grained wood has been used for woodcarvings and church altars. A fibre from the inner bark is used to make mats and shoes and has also been used for cloth and paper. The young leaves can be eaten as a salad vegetable and the trees are important for honey production. The flowers are also used to make a traditional herbal remedy (linden flower tea) as an anti-inflammatory for a range of respiratory problems. It is the national tree of the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic.
Rushforth, K. (1999). Trees of Britain and Europe. Collins.